Posted on Leave a comment

Mea’n Fo’mhair: The Celtic Celebration of Autumn Equinox

Mea'n Fo'mhair

Approx. Reading time: About 6 Minutes

Mea'n Fo'mhair


Mea’n Fo’mhair

Mea’n Fo’mhair The Celtic Celebration of Autumn Equinox As the wheel of the year turns once more, we arrive at a moment of perfect balance between light and dark. The day and night are equal in length, marking the transition from summer to autumn. This is Mea’n Fo’mhair, pronounced “mayn fo-vahr,” a traditional Celtic festival that celebrates the Autumn Equinox. Also known as the “Middle of Harvest” or “Mabon” in modern Pagan and Wiccan traditions, Mea’n Fo’mhair has deep roots in Celtic history and culture.

Mea’n Fo’mhair is a time to honor the bounty of nature, to express gratitude for the fruits of our labor, and to share our abundance with others. It is also a time to reflect on our lives, to seek balance within ourselves and in our relationships, and to honor the wisdom of our ancestors. In this article, we will explore what Mea’n Fo’mhair is, its historical origins, its celebration in the past, and how it continues to be observed in the present. We will also discover how Mea’n Fo’mhair can help us find harmony and equilibrium in our lives, as we align ourselves with the natural rhythms of the Earth.

What is Mea’n Fo’mhair?

Mea’n Fo’mhair is a Gaelic term that translates to “middle of autumn.” It signifies the moment of balance when day and night are of equal length, marking the official start of autumn in the Celtic calendar. This festival is an occasion to give thanks for the year’s bountiful harvest, express gratitude for nature’s abundance, and prepare for the approaching winter months.

In the enchanting dance of celestial bodies, Mea’n Fo’mhair marks a precise moment when the Earth finds itself in perfect equilibrium. It is that exquisite juncture when the sun graces the world with precisely as much light as darkness, a moment that holds profound symbolism. As daylight and nightfall share the stage, it is a reminder of the delicate equilibrium that governs our existence, where opposites find unity and harmony.

In the ancient Celtic calendar, Mea’n Fo’mhair is the official inception of autumn, a season of transformation and transition. It stands as a testament to the deeply rooted connection between the Celtic people and the rhythms of nature. A moment of transition and reflection, this festival invites us to step into the embrace of autumn’s embrace and let go of the warmth of summer’s embrace.

At its core, Mea’n Fo’mhair is a festival of gratitude. It beckons us to give thanks for the year’s bountiful harvest, a time when the land generously yields its fruits, and the toils of the year’s labor bear fruit. The grains of wheat and barley bow in the fields, offering themselves to the reapers’ hands. Apples hang low on the branches, the embodiment of nature’s sweet gifts. Root vegetables, plucked from the dark earth, symbolize sustenance and abundance. It is a time when communities come together, recognizing the interdependence between humanity and the land that sustains us.

But Mea’n Fo’mhair is not merely about celebrating the abundance of the present; it is also a moment of thoughtful preparation for the future. As the sun’s warmth wanes and the days grow shorter, winter’s specter looms on the horizon. The festival encourages us to store away the riches of summer and the harvest, to prepare for the colder months when the earth rests beneath a blanket of snow.

Mea’n Fo’mhair is a celebration of balance, of gratitude, and of the ever-turning wheel of the seasons. As we stand at the cusp of autumn’s embrace, this Gaelic festival invites us to pause and savor the moment, to express our thanks for nature’s bounty, and to prepare our hearts and homes for the wintry slumber that awaits.

Historical Origins of Mea’n Fo’mhair

The origins of Mea’n Fo’mhair take us on a captivating journey back in time, deep into the annals of Celtic history and culture. In the heartlands of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and across the expanse of the British Isles, the ancient Celtic peoples thrived, their lives intricately woven into the fabric of the natural world. These communities held a profound reverence for the changing seasons, forging a spiritual bond with the Earth that resonates through the ages.

Mea’n Fo’mhair, a festival that now dances at the edge of autumn, was born from this connection to nature. It served as a sacred bridge between the Celtic tribes and the land they called home, a time when the veil between humanity and the Earth was at its thinnest.

At the heart of this venerable festival lay the cycles of agriculture. The Celtic people were not just observers of the land; they were its stewards, working in harmony with its rhythms. Mea’n Fo’mhair, which translates to “middle of autumn,” was the pivotal moment when these communities would gather to reap the rewards of their toil.

The fields, once awash in the vibrant hues of summer, took on a golden hue as grains like wheat and barley bowed low to the reapers’ scythes. The orchards, heavy with the weight of apples and pears, were ready for the harvest. Root vegetables, diligently nurtured throughout the year, were plucked from the earth’s embrace. This was a time when the land yielded its treasures, a moment of abundance and plenty.

Yet, Mea’n Fo’mhair was not solely a celebration of the land’s generosity. It held a dual significance that spoke to the very essence of the Celtic way of life. As the festival marked the culmination of the agricultural year, it was also a harbinger of the months ahead. The Celtic people knew well the challenges of the approaching winter, when the earth would rest beneath a blanket of snow, and the bounty of summer would be a distant memory.

Thus, Mea’n Fo’mhair was a time of dual purpose. It was a joyous celebration of the earth’s abundance, a moment to revel in the fruits of the year’s labor, to share in the communal feast, and to express gratitude for the land’s generosity. Simultaneously, it was a period of thoughtful preparation, as the community came together to ensure that the stored harvest would sustain them through the darker, colder months. Crops were carefully stored, preserving their vitality for the leaner times ahead.

Mea’n Fo’mhair reflected the Celtic way of life—a harmonious dance with nature’s rhythms, a celebration of the land’s generosity, and a pragmatic preparation for the future. The festival’s ancient roots continue to echo in the contemporary celebrations of the Autumn Equinox, as it invites us all to pause and honor the enduring relationship between humanity and the natural world.

Traditional Celebrations of Mea’n Fo’mhair

In ancient Celtic society, Mea’n Fo’mhair was a time of communal celebration and rituals. Some of the traditional practices and customs associated with the festival included:

  • Harvest Feasts: Communities would come together to share the fruits of their labor. A grand feast featuring freshly harvested foods was the centerpiece of the celebration. Roasted grains, root vegetables, and seasonal fruits were prominently featured on the menu.
  • Bonfires: Large bonfires were lit to symbolize the waning power of the sun and to provide light and warmth as the days grew shorter and colder. These fires were often lit on hilltops and served as beacons of celebration.
  • Offerings to Deities: The Celts believed in various nature and harvest deities. Offerings of grains, fruits, and other agricultural products were made to these deities as a sign of gratitude for a successful harvest season.
  • Mumming and Masked Celebrations: People would don masks and costumes, a tradition that may have laid the groundwork for modern Halloween festivities. These masked celebrations were believed to ward off malevolent spirits and ensure a bountiful harvest.

Mea’n Fo’mhair in the Present

Today, Mea’n Fo’mhair is still celebrated, albeit in different forms. Modern Pagans, Wiccans, and individuals interested in nature-based spirituality often observe Mea’n Fo’mhair as part of their rituals and festivals. Some common modern practices and celebrations include:

  • Altar Decorations: Many create altars adorned with symbols of the season, such as colorful leaves, gourds, and apples. These altars serve as focal points for reflection, meditation, and offerings.
  • Harvest Feasts: Contemporary celebrations often involve preparing and sharing seasonal meals with friends and family. It is a time to connect with loved ones and give thanks for the abundance of the year.
  • Rituals and Ceremonies: Rituals may vary but often include elements of gratitude, balance, and reflection. Lighting candles, meditation, and nature walks are common components of these modern rituals.
  • Charitable Acts: Some choose to engage in acts of charity, such as donating food to those in need or participating in environmental cleanup efforts, to give back to the community and honor the spirit of Mea’n Fo’mhair.


Mea’n Fo’mhair is a traditional Celtic celebration of the Autumn Equinox with deep historical roots. While the ways in which it is celebrated have evolved over time, the core themes of gratitude for the harvest and preparation for the coming winter remain central to its observance. Whether through ancient customs or modern practices, Mea’n Fo’mhair continues to be a meaningful time to connect with nature and the changing seasons.

Posted on Leave a comment

Celtic Ogham Divination

Approx. Reading time: About 24 Minutes


Celtic Ogham Divination

If you are interested in exploring the ancient wisdom and magic of the Celtic culture, you may want to learn about the Celtic Ogham Divination. This is a form of divination that uses the Ogham alphabet, a system of 25 letters that each correspond to a tree or plant. The Ogham alphabet was created by the god Ogma, who was a master of eloquence and learning. He used the alphabet to record events and communicate with otherworldly beings.

In this blog post, you will learn more about the origin and meaning of the Ogham alphabet, and how you can use it for divination purposes.

Celtic Ogham Divination

The Celtic Ogham Divination is an ancient form of divination that uses the Ogham alphabet, which dates to around the 4th century. The Ogham alphabet is believed to have originated in Ireland and was used by the Druids as a means of communication, recording events and for magical purposes. The Ogham alphabet consists of 25 letters and a handful of symbols for writing purposes, each of which is represented by a tree or plant.

The alphabet consists of a series of strokes or lines carved into stones or wood, and each stroke represents a different letter. The Ogham alphabet is said to have been created by the god Ogma, and it was used primarily for carving inscriptions on stone, bone, or wood.

The God Ogma

Ogma is a god from Irish mythology, who was considered the patron of eloquence and learning. He was known as the “Honey-Tongued,” due to his ability to craft beautiful speeches and persuade others with his words. Ogma was also revered for his exceptional physical strength and was often depicted as a warrior wielding a club.

In Irish myth, Ogma was said to have created the Ogham alphabet, a system of 25 letters used for writing the Irish language. According to legend, he invented the script to preserve knowledge and wisdom, and the letters themselves were inspired by the shapes of various trees.

Ogma was a member of the Tuatha Dé Danann, a race of supernatural beings who were said to have ruled over Ireland before the arrival of the Celts. He was one of the champions of the Tuatha Dé in their battles against the Formorians, a race of monstrous beings who sought to conquer Ireland. Despite his physical prowess, however, Ogma was ultimately captured by the Formorians and subjected to cruel treatment. He was eventually rescued by the Tuatha Dé and continued to be celebrated as a hero and patron of learning.

Divining with the Ogham

Here are some tips for using Ogham divination in your practice:

  1. Choose your set of Ogham symbols: You can create your own set of Ogham symbols by carving them onto pieces of wood or stone, or you can purchase a set. (Coming soon to our shoppe) It’s important to choose a set of symbols that speaks to you and resonates with your energy.
  2. Set your intention: Before you begin your divination session, take a moment to set your intention. Think about the question or situation that you want guidance on and focus your energy on that intention. This will help to create a clear and focused space for your divination practice.
  3. Draw or cast your symbols: There are several ways to draw or cast your Ogham symbols. You can draw them one at a time from a bag or pouch, or you can cast them like dice and interpret the symbols based on their position and relationship to each other. You can also lay them out in a specific pattern or spread, like tarot or oracle cards.
  4. Interpret the symbols: Once you have drawn or cast your symbols, take some time to interpret their meanings. Each symbol has its own unique energy and interpretation, so it’s important to trust your intuition and allow the symbols to speak to you in their own way. You can also use a reference guide or book to help you interpret the symbols, but always remember to trust your own inner wisdom and intuition.
  5. Reflect on the guidance: After you have interpreted the symbols, take some time to reflect on the guidance they have provided. Think about how the symbols relate to your original question or situation and consider how you can apply this guidance to your life moving forward. Remember that Ogham divination is a tool for self-discovery and empowerment, and the guidance you receive is meant to help you on your journey of personal growth and transformation.

About the Ogham alphabet

The Ogham alphabet is a combination of straight and diagonal lines and is often referred to as the “Celtic Tree Alphabet.” Each letter represents a specific tree or plant, and each has its own unique spiritual and magical properties. The trees represented in the Ogham alphabet are thought to hold special significance in Celtic mythology and are often associated with the natural world and the cycle of life.

Each letter in the Ogham alphabet has its own unique energy and associations, and can be used for divination, magic, and meditation. Whether you are a Pagan, a Celtic enthusiast, or simply interested in ancient symbols and languages, the Ogham alphabet is a fascinating system that can offer insight and guidance in many areas of life.

Interpreting the Ogham alphabet

To use the Ogham alphabet for divination, a set of Ogham staves or sticks is used. These staves are typically made from wood or bone and are marked with the Ogham symbols. The diviner selects a set of staves and tosses them onto a flat surface, such as a table or the ground. The way the staves land determines the reading.

There are 25 letters in the Ogham alphabet, each of which is named after a tree or plant. These letters were used by the Druids as a form of communication and were also used in divination and magic. In this article, we will take a closer look at each of the 25 letters in the Ogham alphabet and explore their meanings and associations.